Esperanto flashcards for learning correlatives

I’ve been having a devil of a time with correlatives in Esperanto, so have made up some flashcards and thought I would share. Download both PDFs; print one on one side of letter-sized cardstock or heavy paper and then the other on the flip side. Cut along the guide lines. The cards will be the same size as U.S. business cards.

The English side

La flanko esperanta

This is one in a short series where

  • I use and document (later) a use for free and open-source software in a way I’ve not seen used. Some useful for church administration, too
  • Making something for Esperanto users (like the hymnal and service book I transcribed last week)
  • Steeling myself for writing in Esperanto in public (not quite ready; there’s that correlatives problem for one.)

Alternate English translations for the correlatives are also welcome.

By Scott Wells

Scott Wells, 46, is a Universalist Christian minister doing Universalist theology and church administration hacks in Washington, D.C.


  1. I always advice my students not to try to learn one word at the time. Most courses teach many more words in less time.

    If you really need flash cards, put a whole sentence in each card. It is much easier to remember an idea than a single word.

    If you want to reinforce the correlatives, make 5 cards with 9 correlatives in each card. All the correlatives in one card should have the same beginning with 9 different endings. Make sure that those endings are in the same sequence in all the cards. This way, you will see that all correlatives beginning in “ki-” are interrogatives; and all that begin with “neni=” are negative.

    Also remember that any word ending in -o is a noun, and any word ending in -a is an adjective. The ending -e is used for adverbs; in the case of correlatives, -e ending means a place … or no place.

    You don’t need to learn all correlatives at once. Most of the time you are going to use less than half of them.

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